Orthopaedic Specialists-Great River Medical Center treats patients with
conditions that affect bones, joints, ligaments and soft tissue. Patients may have:
- Congenital conditions
- Connective tissue disorders
- Degenerative diseases
- Trauma from accidents or sports injuries
The primary symptom any orthopaedic patient experiences is pain. You may
feel pain when you do certain activities, such as climbing stairs or running.
Or you may feel it all the time. Some specific event—such as an
injury—may have caused the pain. Or it may have developed gradually
over time. You may feel other symptoms such as a tingling sensation or
numbness in your fingers or toes, swelling, redness or warmth in a joint.
The goal of orthopaedic treatment is to return patients to the activities
they enjoy doing and help slow the progression of diseases.
Orthopaedic Specialists-Great River Medical Center uses many treatments,
both surgical and nonsurgical, to treat patients. Nonsurgical treatments
may involve taking medicine, wearing a brace or cast or going to physical
therapy. If a problem does not respond properly to nonsurgical treatment,
the physician may use a surgical intervention. Some surgical procedures
are minor, and the patient can go home later the same day. For more complex
procedures, a patient may stay in the hospital overnight or for a few days.
Diet, exercise, and smoking affect the success of orthopaedic treatment.
Excess weight causes stress on bones and joints. Proper exercise strengthens
bones, joints, and ligaments. Smoking slows the healing process and can
decrease bone growth.
Nonsurgical treatments include:
- Bracing or casting
- Physical therapy
- Surgical treatment
Orthopaedic surgeons perform many different kinds of surgeries. These are
some of the most common:
Arthroscopic surgery of the knee or shoulder – An instrument with a light and lens is inserted into a buttonhole-size
incision. While looking at the inside of the joint on a monitor, the surgeon
inserts surgical instruments through other small incisions to complete
Carpal and cubital tunnel release – Surgical procedures that relieve pressure on nerves in the wrist
(carpal tunnel syndrome) or elbow (cubital tunnel syndrome). Both “tunnels”
refer to channels containing nerves going to the hands and fingers.
Minimally invasive total joint replacement of the hip or knee – Removing diseased or damaged bone and replacing it with man-made
devices through small incisions. This results in faster recovery, less
pain and better motion after healing.
Total replacement of the hip, knee, shoulder or elbow – Surgical replacement of damaged bone and cartilage at the ends
of the bones in the joint with implants made of metal alloys and special plastics
For patients with painfully restricted spinal canals in their necks, this
procedure immediately relieves pressure by creating more space for the
spinal cord and roots. The technique is often called an open-door laminoplasty
because the back of the vertebra is made to swing open like a door.
Surgery involves removing a small part of the bone over the nerve root
or disk material from under the nerve root, to relieve pain typically
leg pain because of a herniated disk in the lower back and thus provide
more room for the nerve to heal.
The affected disk space is removed from the spine and replaced with a
bone graft. The procedure’s goal is to stimulate the vertebrae bones
to grow together, or fuse, into one solid bone. Fusion creates a rigid,
immovable column of bone in the problem section of the spine. There are
several types of fusion surgeries.
A minimally invasive spinal surgery procedure that is used to treat painful
vertebral body fractures. These fractures usually are caused by osteoporosis.
Patients with osteoporosis are prone to compression fractures in the spine
bones. The bones crack under pressure, causing them to collapse.
Many injuries that occur during sports or exercise damage joints and related
tissues. An important part of Orthopaedic Specialists’ practice
involves a range of measures intended to prevent, diagnose and treat those injuries.